Waves in Random Media
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Fluctuations in radiation scattered by small spheroids above an interface

E Jakeman et al 2000 Waves Random Media 10 317-336   doi: 10.1088/0959-7174/10/2/307

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E Jakeman-+, D L Jordan++ and G D Lewis++
-+ School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency, Malvern, Worcestershire WR14 3PS, UK
++ University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK

Abstract. This paper presents the results of a calculation of the low-order statistical properties of radiation which has been scattered by small spheroidal particles distributed at different heights above a surface. The results are in the form of analytical formulae for the average scattered intensity and for the normalized second moment of the intensity fluctuation distribution. The nature and magnitude of effects which can be generated by the system are discussed with particular reference to polarization phenomena at large angles of incidence. The predictions of the model are compared with the known fluctuation properties of microwave sea echo.

Print publication: Issue 2 (April 2000)
Received 3 December 1999

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